A terpene is an aromatic organic compound found in many plants, and is responsible for giving a plant its fragrance. According to a 2011 study, terpenes may interact with our endocannabinoid system, and affect how high one gets when smoking or ingesting marijuana, as well as the characteristics of the high.
There are more than 100 terpenes in each flower but the dominant terpenes are what we can smell and what will contribute the most to the effects of the strain.
Before we dive in, you need to know what each terpene smells like and what its effects are. We’ve listed some of the more ubiquitous terpenes below.
Terpene Characteristics and Identification
Now that we understand a little more about terpenes, let’s take a look at how to identify them and their characteristics:
● Limonene, as its name suggests, gives strains a citrusy smell resembling a lemon. Limonene is known to improve mood and reduce stress.
● Nerolidol is a terpene who’s scent is best described as woody and floral and smells like a combination of roses and apple. It has been reported to have antifungal and antioxidant properties.
● Caryophyllene is best known for its peppery or spicy scent and shows promise in regards to its analgesic and anti-anxiety properties.
● Pinene smells like pine trees. It may reduce inflammation, improve respiratory airflow, and reduce memory loss related to THC.
● Myrcene has an earthy, musky, and fruity scent- like a bowl full of cloves and grapes with a sprinkle of potting soil on top. It has been reported to reduce inflammation and chronic pain.
● Terpinolene is characterized by a fresh, piney, herbal, and floral scent that people associate with nutmeg, apples, cumin, and lilac. Terpeline usually has a sedative effect.
Now that you know what the terpenes are, these are the terpenes found in some of the most popular strains.
*FYI, our list below shows the percentage of total terpenes, not total biomass. So 24% limonene will mean 24% of total terpenes, not 24% of the bud’s weight.
Terpene Breakdown of 5 Popular Strains
If you’ve looking to break things down even further, we’ve compiled a list of the terpenes in the most popular strains below and how much of each:
San Fernando Valley OG (aka SFV OG)
*Terpene data found here.
Make Good Ganja Choices
Those with experience in the wide world of weed know that not every strain is great for every situation.
We hope that your new knowledge of terpenes will help you pick the right strain and get you closer to what you were looking for.
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